Race and your community autobiographical research paper You are here:
Scientific racism Alfred Binet —inventor of the first intelligence test. Claims of races having different intelligence were used to justify colonialismslaveryracismsocial Darwinismand racial eugenics. Racial thinkers such as Arthur de Gobineau relied crucially on the assumption that black people were innately inferior to whites in developing their ideologies of white supremacy.
Even enlightenment thinkers such as Thomas Jeffersona slave owner, believed blacks to be innately inferior to whites in physique and intellect. Binet warned that results from his test should not be assumed to measure innate intelligence or used to label individuals permanently.
As Terman's test was published, there was great concern in the United States about the abilities and skills of recent immigrants. Different immigrant nationalities were sometimes thought to belong to different races, such as Slavs.
A different set of tests developed by Robert Yerkes were used to evaluate draftees for World War I, and researchers found that people from southern and eastern Europe scored lower than native-born Americans, that Americans from northern states had higher scores than Americans from southern states, and that Black Americans scored lower than white Americans.
In his influential work A Study of American Intelligence psychologist Carl Brigham used the results of the Army tests to argue for a stricter immigration policy, limiting immigration to countries considered to belong to the "nordic race". On the other hand, many scientists reacted to eugenicist claims linking abilities and moral character to racial or genetic ancestry.
They pointed to the contribution of environment to test results such as speaking English as a second language. Discussion of the issue in the United States also influenced German Nazi claims of the "nordics" being a " master race ", influenced by Grant's writings.
Jensenism As the de-segregation of the American South was begun in the s the debate about black intelligence resurfaced.
Audrey Shueyfunded by Draper's Pioneer Fundpublished a new analysis of Yerkes' tests, concluding that blacks really were of inferior intellect to whites.
This study was used by segregationists as an argument that it was to the advantage of black children to be educated separately from the superior white children. The Bell Curve debate Another revival of public debate followed the appearance of The Bell Curvea book by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murraywho strongly emphasized the societal effects of low IQ focusing in most chapters strictly on the non-Hispanic white population of the United States.
Knowns and Unknowns ", acknowledging a difference between mean IQ scores of whites and blacks as well as the absence of any adequate explanation of it, either environmental or genetic.
The Bell Curve prompted the publication of several multiple-author books responding from a variety of points of view. The Science of Mental Ability was published a few years later in Why Schools and Cultures Count Intelligence quotient and Intelligence The concept of intelligence and the degree to which intelligence is measurable is a matter of debate.
While there is some consensus about how to define intelligence, it is not universally accepted that it is something that can be unequivocally measured by a single figure.
Arthur Jensen was a proponent of the view that there is a correlation between scores on all the known types of IQ tests and that this correlation points to an underlying factor of general intelligenceor g.Placing an order on our user-friendly website is quick and secure.
Just provide your paper details, make a payment and wait for the verification message. The connection between race and intelligence has been a subject of debate in both popular science and academic research since the inception of IQ testing in the early 20th century.
There remains some debate as to whether and to what extent differences in intelligence test scores reflect environmental factors as opposed to genetic ones, as well as to the definitions of what "race" and. "When you think of a title for a book, you are forced to think of something short and evocative, like, well, 'The Virtual Community,' even though a more accurate title might be: 'People who use computers to communicate, form friendships that sometimes form the basis of communities, but you have to be careful to not mistake the tool for the task and think that just writing words on a screen is.
A listing of psychological research being conducted online. • Write a 1, to 1,word autobiographical research paper analyzing the influences of race as it relates to your community.
In your paper, write your first-person account of how human interactions in your community have been racialized. To Kill a Mockingbird: Discrimination Against Race, Gender, and Class Scout and Jem sit with their father, Atticus. Harper Lee’s classic novel To Kill a Mockingbird centers on a young girl named Jean Louise “Scout” Finch.
Her father Atticus Fincher, a lawyer, takes a case to defend a black man accused of raping a white woman.