Rupprecht, MA, PhD Introduction The Department of East Asian Studies offers students the opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of the history, cultures, and languages of premodern, modern, and contemporary East Asia. We offer a full range of courses on East Asian literature, history, thought, religion, and society, as well as Chinese, Japanese, and Korean language courses from beginning to advanced levels.
Pin professional wrestling An example of pinfall To score by pinfall, a wrestler must pin David essay gender genre mamet his opponent's shoulders against the mat while the referee slaps the mat three times referred to as a "three count".
This is the most common form of defeat. A count may be started at any time that a wrestler's shoulders are down both shoulders touching the matback-first and any part of the opponent's body is lying over the wrestler. This often results in pins that can easily be kicked out of, if the defensive wrestler is even slightly conscious.
For example, an attacking wrestler who is half-conscious may simply drape an arm over an opponent, or a cocky wrestler may place his foot gently on the opponent's body, prompting a three-count from the referee.
Illegal pinning methods include using the ropes for leverage and hooking the opponent's clothing, which are therefore popular cheating methods for heelsunless certain stipulations make such an advantage legal.
Such pins as these are rarely seen by the referee and are subsequently often used by heels and on occasion by cheating faces to win matches. Even if it is noticed, it is rare for such an attempt to result in a disqualification see below and instead it simply results in nullification of the pin attempt, so the heel wrestler rarely has anything to lose for trying it anyway.
Occasionally, there are instances where a pinfall is made where both wrestlers' shoulders were on the mat for the three-count. This situation will most likely lead to a draw, and in some cases a continuation of the match or a future match to determine the winner.
Submission[ edit ] To score by submission, the wrestler must make his opponent give up, usually, but not necessarily, by putting him in a submission hold e. John Cena performs his STF submission hold against Mark Henry A wrestler may voluntarily submit by verbally informing the referee usually used in moves such as the Mexican Surfboard, where all four limbs are incapacitated, making tapping impossible.
Also, since Ken Shamrock popularized it ina wrestler can indicate a voluntary submission by " tapping out ",  that is, tapping a free hand against the mat or against an opponent.
Occasionally, a wrestler will reach for a rope see rope breaks belowonly to put his hand back on the mat so he can crawl towards the rope some more; this is NOT a submission, and the referee decides what his intent is.
Submission was initially a large factor in professional wrestling, but following the decline of the submission-oriented catch-as-catch-can style from mainstream professional wrestling, the submission largely faded.
A wrestler with a signature submission technique is portrayed as better at applying the hold, making it more painful or more difficult to get out of than others who use it, or can be falsely credited as inventing the hold such as when Tazz popularized the kata ha jime judo choke in pro wrestling as the "Tazzmission".
Since all contact between the wrestlers must cease if any part of the body is touching, or underneath, the ropes, many wrestlers will attempt to break submission holds by deliberately grabbing the bottom ropes.
This is called a "rope break", and it is one of the most common ways to break a submission hold. Most holds leave an arm or leg free, so that the person can tap out if he wants.
Instead, he uses these free limbs to either grab one of the ring ropes the bottom one is the most common, as it is nearest the wrestlers, though other ropes sometimes are used for standing holds such as Chris Masters ' Master Lock or drape his foot across, or underneath one.
Once this has been accomplished, and the accomplishment is witnessed by the referee, the referee will demand that the offending wrestler break the hold, and start counting to five if the wrestler does not.
If the referee reaches the count of five, and the wrestler still does not break the hold, he is disqualified. If a manager decides that his client wrestler should tap out, but cannot convince the wrestler himself to do so, he may "throw in the towel" by literally taking a gym towel and hurling it into the ring where the referee can see it.
This is the same as a submission, as in kayfabe the manager is considered the wrestlers agent and therefore authorized to make formal decisions such as forfeiting a match on the client's behalf.
Knockout[ edit ] Passing out in a submission hold constitutes a loss by knockout. To determine if a wrestler has passed out in WWE, the referee usually picks up and drops his hand. If it drops to the mat or floor three consecutive times without the wrestler having the strength to hold it up, the wrestler is considered to have passed out.
At one point this was largely ignored. However, the rule is now much more commonly observed for safety reasons. If the wrestler has passed out, the opponent then scores by submission. A wrestler can also win by knockout if he does not resort to submission holds, but stills pummels his opponent to the point that he is completely out cold.College of Arts and Letters.
Program Description. The English department of California State University, Sacramento, is a community of teachers, scholars, writers, and support staff whose primary mission is to promote learning in composition, creative writing, English education, linguistics, literature, and the teaching of English as a second language.
In the John Waters-esque sector of northwest Baltimore -- equal parts kitschy, sketchy, artsy and weird -- Gerry Mak and Sarah Magida sauntered through a small ethnic market stocked with Japanese eggplant, mint chutney and fresh turmeric. The essays in this collection approach these controversial topics of gender and genre with verve, ranging from those which cast Mamet as a macho misogynist to those which understand his work as deeply ironic and even feminist.
The essays in this collection approach these controversial topics of gender and genre with verve, ranging from those which cast Mamet as a misogynist to those which understand his work as deeply ironic and even feminist. Hannah Arendt and the Banality of Evil. Hannah Arendt coined the term “banality of evil” while covering the trial of Adolf Eichmann, a Nazi official charged with the orderly extermination of Europe’s benjaminpohle.com herself was a German-Jewish exile struggling in the most personal of ways to come to grips with the utter destruction of European society.
gender and genre essays on david mamet edited by christopher c. hudgins and leslie kane palgrave.