Several Central America peace groups recently asked Michael Dukakis if he would pledge that as President he would not invade or attack Nicaragua. Dukakis declined, stating that force would in fact be justified if, for example, Nicaragua introduced "Soviet offensive weapons. But what is less often noted about the position taken by Dukakis and many others is the unstated assumption that if there were Soviet weapons in Nicaragua, then a resort to force would be appropriate and legitimate.
Visit Website The two superpowers plunged into one of their biggest Cold War confrontations after the pilot of an American U-2 spy plane making a high-altitude pass over Cuba on October 14,photographed a Soviet SS-4 medium-range ballistic missile being assembled for installation.
President Kennedy was briefed about the situation on October 16, and he immediately called together a group of advisors and officials known as the executive committee, or ExCom. For nearly the next two weeks, the president and his team wrestled with a diplomatic crisis of epic proportions, as did their counterparts in the Soviet Union.
A New Threat to the U.
For the American officials, the urgency of the situation stemmed from the fact that the nuclear-armed Cuban missiles were being installed so close to the U. From that launch point, they were capable of quickly reaching targets in the eastern U.
If allowed to become operational, the missiles would fundamentally alter the complexion of the nuclear rivalry between the U. The Soviets had long felt Liberalism cuban missile crisis about the number of nuclear weapons that were targeted at them from sites in Western Europe and Turkey, and they saw the deployment of missiles in Cuba as a way to level the playing field.
Another key factor in the Soviet missile scheme was the hostile relationship between the U. The Kennedy administration had already launched one attack on the island—the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in —and Castro and Khrushchev saw the missiles as a means of deterring further U.
Weighing the Options From the outset of the crisis, Kennedy and ExCom determined that the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba was unacceptable. The challenge facing them was to orchestrate their removal without initiating a wider conflict—and possibly a nuclear war.
In deliberations that stretched on for nearly a week, they came up with a variety of options, including a bombing attack on the missile sites and a full-scale invasion of Cuba. But Kennedy ultimately decided on a more measured approach.
First, he would employ the U. Navy to establish a blockade, or quarantine, of the island to prevent the Soviets from delivering additional missiles and military equipment. Second, he would deliver an ultimatum that the existing missiles be removed.
In a television broadcast on October 22,the president notified Americans about the presence of the missiles, explained his decision to enact the blockade and made it clear that the U.
Following this public declaration, people around the globe nervously waited for the Soviet response. Some Americans, fearing their country was on the brink of nuclear war, hoarded food and gas.
Showdown at Sea A crucial moment in the unfolding crisis arrived on October 24, when Soviet ships bound for Cuba neared the line of U.
An attempt by the Soviets to breach the blockade would likely have sparked a military confrontation that could have quickly escalated to a nuclear exchange. But the Soviet ships stopped short of the blockade. Although the events at sea offered a positive sign that war could be averted, they did nothing to address the problem of the missiles already in Cuba.
The tense standoff between the superpowers continued through the week, and on October 27, an American reconnaissance plane was shot down over Cuba, and a U. The year-old pilot of the downed plane, Major Rudolf Anderson, is considered the sole U. During the crisis, the Americans and Soviets had exchanged letters and other communications, and on October 26, Khrushchev sent a message to Kennedy in which he offered to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.
The following day, the Soviet leader sent a letter proposing that the USSR would dismantle its missiles in Cuba if the Americans removed their missile installations in Turkey. Officially, the Kennedy administration decided to accept the terms of the first message and ignore the second Khrushchev letter entirely.
Attorney General Robert Kennedy personally delivered the message to the Soviet ambassador in Washingtonand on October 28, the crisis drew to a close.
The Cold War was far from over, though. In fact, another legacy of the crisis was that it convinced the Soviets to increase their investment in an arsenal of intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of reaching the U. Start your free trial today.Cuban missile crisis research paper thesis.
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The Cuban Missile Crisis—known as the Caribbean Crisis in Russia and the October Crisis in Cuba—was a dramatic confrontation from 22 to 28 October between the United States and the Soviet Union over the Soviet stationing of nuclear missiles in Cuba.
- The Cuban Missile Crisis In , an American spy plane discovered the Soviet nuclear missile bases in Cuba. Castro had turned to the USSR for military assistance in fear of a US attack.
It was the sighting of these missile bases that marked the beginning of the Cuban missile crisis. Apr 19, · The Cuban Missile Crisis was caused by a communist government, the Soviet Union,wanting to put nuclear missiles in a communist country,Cuba - 90 miles from the U.S.
mainland, it had nothing to do with benjaminpohle.com: Resolved. While the Cuban Missile Crisis is a good analogy, liberals are getting it all wrong; the reality is that the Cuban Missile Crisis shows why the Senate letter to Iran was not only good but morally.
The Cuban missile crisis the nearest brush in history with all out nuclear war is considered by many liberals as JFK's finest hour, a "combination of toughness and restraint, nerve and wisdom, so brilliantly controlled, so matchlessly calibrated, that dazzled the world" (Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.).