Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
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At the Palace of Versailles, aristocrats were expected to compete for the privilege of watching Louis XIV wake up, eat meals and prepare for bed. Beginning intheir discontent erupted into a civil war known as the Fronde, which forced the royal family to flee Paris and instilled a lifelong fear of rebellion in the young king.
A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood. He viewed himself as the direct representative of God, endowed with a divine right to wield the absolute power of the monarchy.
Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies. His finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbertimplemented reforms that sharply reduced the deficit and fostered the growth of industry, while his war minister, the Marquis de Louvoisexpanded and reorganized the French army.
Louis also managed to pacify and disempower the historically rebellious nobles, who had fomented no less than 11 civil wars in four decades, by luring them to his court and habituating them to the opulent lifestyle there. Most famously, he transformed a royal hunting lodge in Versailles, a village 25 miles southwest of the capital, into one of the largest palaces in the world, officially moving his court and government there in It was against this awe-inspiring backdrop that Louis tamed the nobility and impressed foreign dignitaries, using entertainment, ceremony and a highly codified system of etiquette to assert his supremacy.
Under pressure from the English, Swedish and especially the Dutch, France retreated and returned the region to Spain, gaining only some frontier towns in Flanders. The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained.
The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown. Inthe devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV inwhich had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots.
With the Edict of Fontainebleau, Louis ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools and the expulsion of Protestant clergy.
Protestants would be barred from assembling and their marriages would be deemed invalid. Baptism and education in the Catholic faith would be required of all children. Roughly 1 million Huguenots lived in France at the time, and many were artisans or other types of skilled workers.
Although emigration of Protestants was explicitly forbidden by the Edict of Fontainebleau, scores of people—estimates range fromto ,—fled in the decades that followed, settling in England, Switzerland, Germany and the American colonies, among other places.
His reign had lasted 72 years, longer than that of any other known European monarch, and left an indelible mark on the culture, history and destiny of France. His 5-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV.Louis XIV, byname Louis the Great, Louis the Grand Monarch, or the Sun King, French Louis Le Grand, Louis Le Grand Monarque, or Le Roi Soleil, (born September 5, , Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died September 1, , Versailles, France), king of France (–) who ruled his country, principally from his great palace at Versailles, during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains .
LOUIS XIV ( – ; ruled – )LOUIS XIV (FRANCE) ( – ; ruled – ), king of benjaminpohle.com as le Dieudonn é, 'the God-given', Louis XIV was the first child of Louis XIII ( – ) and Anne of Austria ( – ), born twenty-three years into their marriage..
THE EARLY YEARS ( – ). Ascending the throne at the age of four, Louis XIV was. Watch video · His mother was the Hapsburg Spanish queen Anne of Austria, and his father was Louis XIII, king of France.
Louis XIV had a brother named Philippe, who was two years younger. Because Louis XIV was too young to rule, his mother ruled France with Cardinal Mazarin, the Italian financier who had been the principal minister of Louis XIII.
Mazarin had guided the nation through the later stages of the Thirty Years' War (). Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye. He became king at the age of four on the death of his father, Louis XIII. While Louis was a child, his mother, Anne of Austria, served as.
The famous memorialist the Duke of Saint-Simon wrote of Louis XIV: “With an almanach and a watch, one could, from leagues away, say with accuracy what he was doing”.
The king’s day was timed to the minute to allow the officers in his service to plan their own work accordingly. From morning to evening his day ran like clockwork, to a schedule that was just as strictly ordered as life.