Why does this happen? How can smart people take up positions that defy any reasonable logic? So if nothing else this essay serves as a kind of personal therapy session.
Religion, he said, was the first The logic in violence essay attempt to systematically explain the world.
[First published April ] We all know someone who’s intelligent, but who occasionally defends obviously bad ideas. Why does this happen? How can smart people take up positions that defy any reasonable logic? Short Essay on Violence. Violence is the aggressive behaviour showcased by an individual. The dictionary defines it as, "the intentional use of power or physical force, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person or against a group or community that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death. Review Essay of Stanley Hauerwas's Book War and the American Difference: Theological Reflections on Violence and National Identity The sacrificial metaphor at the heart of citizenship, and inextricably tied to war, has incredible power, all the more so because most citizens are .
Durkheim thought that religious rationality would wither away in modern times for him, the early twentieth century because scientific rationality would replace it, by virtue of its superior explanatory power. Alas, he seems to have gotten this one wrong. But Durkheim was right about the genealogy of thought.
Modern religion is an elaboration of a belief in magic. In the absence of a scientific explanation of events and institutions, faith in magical powers, fetishization of nature, and overinterpretation of random variation are inevitable.
Durkheim expected religion to fall out of fashion as the outright belief in magic had, for the same reason. For anyone with the least education, the superior power of scientific thinking is obvious.
Only a willful ignorance could lead to any other conclusion. This is where we find ourselves. We live in a world that wants the fruits of scientific labor, but refuses the mental discipline of scientific rationality.
Just like children, we want to have our cake and to eat it too. I Am Alone, by T. Religions have persisted, despite their inability to explain the modern world. Here, in fact, we have a stunning reversal: Many will find this uncertainty anxiety-provoking, and will look around for a convenient escape.
As social organizations, religions have a dramatic power that hides their essential irrationality. They persist today because they are so effective at constructing group identities and at setting up conflict between the in- and out-groups.
For all religions, there is an "us" and a "them.
It is no accident that the history of world religions is a history of violence, hatred and intolerance. And, being liars, and thus, evil, they forfeit their rights as equal members of the community. This is the poisonous logic of religious irrationality.
All modern religions are ideological: Complete acceptance is the only way to escape the uncertainty of modernity. For this reason, religion without fanaticism is impossible. Anyone whose mind is trapped inside such a mental prison will be susceptible to extreme forms of behavior. All religions foment their own kind of holy war.
The reader might point out that some believers are more bland and mild than fire and brimstone. Those whose devotion is moderate are, perhaps, only cowardly fanatics.
They want the fellowship and the security but ignore the logic of the system to which they grudgingly adhere. They may be more numerous than the overt fanatics, but they will always have less influence. This is simply the operation of the rule of the lowest common denominator; in response to uncertainty, the exaggerated sense of confidence of the zealot will win over the crowd.
If you doubt that this is true, consider modern politics. The same dynamic applies.
This is why our political system has given birth to the "war on drugs" and "family values. If you do not think this is a fair definition of faith, look it up. I got this from the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, item 2b. If every assertion were subject to question, the faithful would have to admit that they hold their beliefs without rational basis.
If the public sphere were to promote the free contest of ideas, religious belief would wither under the scrutiny of scientific rationality, just as Durkheim expected.
As with nationalism, faith is secured by appeals to emotion, not critical thinking. Emotion in crowds tends toward panic or violence.
Remember the rule of the lowest common denominator. In order to be protected from the harsh light of rational argument, the faithful want to make religion a taboo subject.Imagine you have been asked to write an essay on any event in US or European history.
You choose the topic, write a good essay, submit it and fail to get the highest benjaminpohle.com, what’s the problem? Your essay has no mistakes, it does have a coherent structure, introduction, and conclusion.
Violence has its own indisputable logic. Criminals resort to violence because it works, and they avoid violence when the costs seem too high. Miller bridges the gap between the study of traditional self-defense and the reality of the most common types of violent attacks/5(37).
Short Essay on Violence. Violence is the aggressive behaviour showcased by an individual.
The dictionary defines it as, "the intentional use of power or physical force, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person or against a group or community that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death.
There can non be anything as far removed from ground and saneness than the construct of force. which all at one time evokes actions and workss produced by a cardinal response to a specific event.
It is frequently associated with [ ]. In the fiercely argued and timely study “Down Girl: The Logic of Misogyny” (Oxford), the philosopher Kate Manne makes a consonant argument about sexual violence.
“The idea of rapists as. List of common fallacies. Compiled by Jim Walker originated: 27 July additions made: 01 Dec. You don't need to take drugs to hallucinate; improper language can fill your world with phantoms and spooks of many kinds.